Fats can provide energy and vitamins, but too much fat can lead to heart disease. To lower fat in the diet, a person can: Dietary fiber from fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts, seeds, brown rice, and whole grains can help an older person avoid intestinal problems such as constipation, diverticulosis, and diverticulitis.Fiber may also help lower cholesterol and blood sugar.However, calorie needs will vary with the level of exercise a person gets, as well as other health conditions.
The USDA Daily Dietary Guidelines are: Elderly persons should ensure that there is adequate protein in their diets, for protein is necessary for a healthy immune system and for repair and maintenance of body tissues.
In addition, only small amounts of fats, oils, and sweets should be eaten each day.
Diverticulitis— A condition in which pouch-like bulges or pockets (diverticula) in the wall of the intestine—most commonly the large intestine— become inflamed or infected.
Diverticulosis— A condition in which pouch-like bulges or pockets (diverticula) develop along the digestive tract.
Maintaining a healthy weight may reduce the risk of many chronic diseases, help with flexibility and mobility, and aid in mental alertness.
The risks of being underweight include poor memory, decreased immunity, osteoporosis, decreased muscle strength, hypothermia (lowered body temperature), and constipation.
Therefore, to ensure that the aging population takes necessary steps to stay healthy and independent and to reduce the risk of disabilities, it is necessary to educate the elderly about healthy behaviors and to help them translate that knowledge into action.
Energy decline in the elderly, as lean body mass, including muscle, decreases with age.
Such obstacles include loneliness, depression, economic concerns, lack of cooking skills or desire to cook, inadequate nutritional knowledge, reduced capacity to absorb and utilize nutrients, oral/dental problems and difficulty in chewing, loss of appetite, and eating/nutrient complications due to the use of various medications.
In addition, older adults need certain vitamins and nutrients to aid in the maintenance of their health.
They experience reductions in metabolism (the rate at which the body burns energy) and changes in physiology that significantly affect their nutritional needs.